Robert E. Levine, M.D.
Founder and Chief Operating Officer

Robert E. Levine, M.D. is a Founder and Chief Operating Officer of Ocutronics, LLC.  Dr. Levine brings to Ocutronics over three decades of clinical practice, teaching and research in multiple areas of ophthalmology, combined with experience in medical device design.  He has the unique perspective of understanding what is required of a medical device as well as how the design needs to be implemented to fulfill those requirements.

Dr. Levine’s medical device experience extends back more than 30 years, at which time he worked with the biomedicine pioneer Raymond Jonnard, Ph.D.,  to evaluate the opportunities in the emerging field of biomedical engineering. Dr. Jonnard was at that time simultaneously heading the computer operations of Prudential Insurance Co. as well as directing their clinical laboratories. The multidisciplinary work of Dr. Jonnard and Dr. Levine led to the formation of the Biomedical Division within General Precision, Inc., a leading defense contractor. They developed a classified military telemedicine monitoring system for measuring physiologic variables of parachutists while in descent.  Similar monitoring systems did not appear in intensive care units till many years later.

In 1969 Dr. Levine started the Retinal Angiography Laboratory at the Doheny Eye Foundation in Los Angeles. From that experience he became aware of the slow progress that was subsequently made in retinal photography.  As a fellowship-trained ophthalmic pathologist, he also lectured frequently on the correlations between the manifestations of diabetes seen clinically and those seen in pathologic specimens.

Pursuing his surgical interests, Dr. Levine became a pioneer in the field of oculoplastics, especially in the area of eyelid reanimation.  He used his medical device experience to further develop the palpebral spring, a device surgically implanted to reanimate paralyzed eyelids, such as occur in facial paralysis caused by various tumors and Bell’s palsy. Dr. Levine has designed and implanted more palpebral springs than any other surgeon world-wide, and the procedure has been re-named “the Levine Spring.”

In 2000 Dr. Levine began working with William J. Collins on the design of an entirely new approach to retinal photography.  The result of their investigations and developments resulted in the design of the Ocutronics OC-100 camera.  They formed Ocutronics, LLC in 2003 and the  patent which William Collins and Dr. Levine submitted for the initial design was granted in 2007. Dr. Levine designed a clinical trial for the camera which was approved by Quorum IRB.  Additional testing and refinements of the design have brought the camera to the point where it has met all the regulatory requirements to begin the clinical trial in May, 2011. See Curriculum Vitae

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80% of diabetics will get diabetic retinopathy within 10 years of their diabetes diagnosis. Nearly 19 million diabetics will become at risk.
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